## Tuesday, 18 April 2017

1 . Directions (1-5): In each question below there are two or three statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements.

$Q.$ $Statements:$

a. Some tea are coffee.
b. All tea are liquors.
c. Some liquors are wines.

$Conclusions:$

I. Some wines are tea.
II. Some wines are coffee.
III. Some liquors are coffee.
IV. Some wines are not liquors.

 A.   only IV follows B.   Either I or II and III follow C.   None follows D.   None of these
2 . $Statements:$

a. Some toys are pistols.
b. All pistols are guns.
c. No grass is a gun.

$Conclusions:$

I. Some toys are not guns.
II. Some guns are grasses.
III. All grasses are pistols.
IV. Some toys are grasses.

 A.   only I follow B.   Either III or IV follows C.   Both I and IV follow D.   None of these
3 . $Statements:$

a. No football is a guitar.
b. Some videos are guitars.
c. All data are footballs.

$conclusions:$

I. Some data are not guitars.
II. Some videos are not footballs.
III. Some guitars are not data.
IV. No video is a football.

 A.   Both I and II follow B.   Only II follow C.   Either I or II and III follow D.   None of these
4 . $Statements:$

b. Some chapatis are photos.

$Conclusions:$

I. Some cameras are chapatis.
II. Some photos are cameras.
IV. Some chapatis are not cameras.

 A.   Either I or IV follows B.   only I follows C.   Only II and III follows D.   Only I and III follow
5 . $Statements:$

a. Some notes are papers.
c. All TVs are notes.

$Conclusions:$

I. Some TVs are papers.

 A.   only I follows B.   Either I or IV and III follow C.   only I or III or II follows D.   Only II and IV follows
6 . Directions (6-10): Given below are pairs of events A and B. You have to read both the events A and B and decide their nature of relationship. You have to assume that the information given in A and B is true and you will not assume anything beyond the given information in deciding the answer. Mark answer

1) if A is the effect and B its immediate and principal cause.

2) if A is the immediate and principal cause and B its effect.

3) if A is an effect but B not its immediate and principal cause

4) if B is an effect but A not its immediate and principal cause.

5) None of these

$Q.$ $Event (A):$ Emperor Akbar was advised to listen to stories to put him to sleep.

$Event (B):$ Emperor Akbar had a bout of insomnia and couldn’t sleep for many days

 A.   if A is the effect and B its immediate and principal cause. B.   if A is the immediate and principal cause and B its effect. C.   if A is an effect but B not its immediate and principal cause D.   if B is an effect but A not its immediate and principal cause.
7 . $Event (A):$ The Sri Lankan Army beat back the troops of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.

$Event (B):$ Israel helped the Sri Lankan Army with Kfir jets

 A.   if A is the effect and B its immediate and principal cause. B.   if A is the immediate and principal cause and B its effect. C.   if A is an effect but B not its immediate and principal cause D.   if B is an effect but A not its immediate and principal cause.
8 . $Event (A):$ I met Mr X’s daughter in the lobby outside the seminar hall.

$Event (B):$ I have known her mother since I was six.

 A.   if A is the effect and B its immediate and principal cause. B.   if A is the immediate and principal cause and B its effect. C.   if A is an effect but B not its immediate and principal cause D.   None of these
9 . $Event (A):$ I struck the bear with a club above his nostrils.

$Event (B):$ Blood flowed from the mouth of the bear and it collapsed.

 A.   if A is the effect and B its immediate and principal cause. B.   if A is the immediate and principal cause and B its effect. C.   if A is an effect but B not its immediate and principal cause D.   if B is an effect but A not its immediate and principal cause.
10 . $Event (A):$ Bigwigs in the Delhi govt have flagged off many environment-friendly vehicles in the recent past.

$Event (B):$ The green brigade has talked about the wonders of alternative fuels.

 A.   if A is the effect and B its immediate and principal cause. B.   if A is the immediate and principal cause and B its effect. C.   if A is an effect but B not its immediate and principal cause D.   if B is an effect but A not its immediate and principal cause.

1 .
 Answer : Option D Explanation :
2 .
 Answer : Option D Explanation :
3 .
 Answer : Option D Explanation :
4 .
 Answer : Option B Explanation :
5 .
 Answer : Option D Explanation :
6 .
 Answer : Option A Explanation : The remedy has the disease as its principal cause.
7 .
 Answer : Option C Explanation : The sophisticated jets can be one of the reasons for the Sri Lankan Army’s victory, but not the principal reason.
8 .
 Answer : Option D Explanation : The two events are independent of each other.
9 .
 Answer : Option C Explanation : The loss of blood and the collapsing of the bear is the result of its being struck with the club.
10 .
 Answer : Option C Explanation : The govt decision comes as a result of several factors, one of which can be the influence of the green brigade (the environmentalists).