## Wednesday, 1 June 2016

SBI PO Preliminary English Language Practice quiz 3

1 . Direction (Q. 1 to 5): Which of the idioms 1, 2, 3, and 4 given below each sentence should replace the idiom printed in bold in the following sentences to make sentence correct? If the sentence is correct mark answer 5—which is No correction required.
Q.She is determined to achieve her object in hook or by crook.
 A.   by hook or by crook B.   in hooking and crooking C.   in hook and crook manner D.   hooks and crooks
2 . A true friend is always ready to stand by with you even in difficult times.
 A.   standing by B.   standing for C.   be standing D.   No correction required
3 . It is reported that some ruffians laying hands to her while she was returning home.
 A.   laid hands to B.   laid hands on C.   has laid hands at D.   No correction required
4 . The thief was caught red-handed by police.
 A.   in act of committing B.   on red hands C.   in red hands D.   No correction required
5 . I told her that I was prepared to show my hands provided she agreed to do the same.
 A.   to showing my hands B.   to show my hand C.   that my hands are showing D.   No correction required
6 . Direction (Q. 6 to 10): Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it. A few words have been given in bold so as to help you locate them for the answers to some of the questions.
Isaac Newton, the English scientist $proposed$$proposed$ some new basics of physics to the world. He questioned “If the apple could fall, why the moon held $on$$on$?” He discovered that against the gravitational pull of the earth, the force of a moving moon balanced it and thus preventing it from falling off. He $enunciated$$enunciated$ his law that “All heavenly bodies attract one another and the $universal$$universal$ gravitation $pervades$$pervades$ the whole of nature and governs the motion of all the bodies. Newton’s famous third law of motion, which states that “to every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction”, has become the basis of rocket and missile $propulsion$$propulsion$. Thus was published his Principia in 1687, where he gave three $prerequisites$$prerequisites$ for a satellite—it should be fast enough, it should be afar the atmosphere, it must be $projected$$projected$ horizontally. After Newton, the Russian scientist Tsiolovsky, often regarded as the founder of astronautics, proved that man could go into space only by a rocket. To provide the proper thrust to the rocket, various $propellant$$propellant$ combinations were suggested, owing to the dimensions and weight of the rocket. A single stage rocket would need fuel roughly four times its own weight but this need would be considerably less if the rocket were in stages. He proposed that if the velocity of combusted gases rushing backwards from the rocket was high, this would result in an increase in its forward $thrust$$thrust$. Sputnik I was the first jump by mankind into space. It was a three-stage rocket launched by Russia. Space technology has been completely $revolutionized$$revolutionized$ by the application of transistors and computers.
Nature $facilitates$$facilitates$ the satellite launching by a decrease in the gravitational pull of earth, as we move away from the earth’s surface. To avoid $resistance$$resistance$ of the atmosphere, a satellite is first taken to a height of 150 km and launched horizontally. For this, a minimum velocity of nearly 8 km per second is required, which means about 28,800 km/hr.
Q. What does the author mean to say, when he says “nature facilitates the satellite launching by a decrease in the gravitational pull of the earth”?
 A.   While launching a satellite, we take facilities from the nature. B.   Since gravitational pull decreases as we come close to earth, satellites can be launched easily from earth. C.   With the increase in distance from earth, gravitational pull decreases and this makes satellite launching more convenient. D.   Nature is always helpful due to its gravity, to launch satellites from the earth.
7 . Which of the following ideas is contradictory to the passage?
 A.   Transistors and computers have helped in space technology also. B.   The more the stages, the better the rocket. C.   Rockets use fuels according to their weight and size. D.   The apple and the moon followed different physical laws.
8 . Which of these is true?
 A.   Newton gave only the third law of physics B.   All bodies react with each other C.   Man can go into space by increasing his rocket's speed to 8 km/sec D.   Principia was written by Newton.
9 . What does the author convey to us when he says that “force of moving moon balanced it”?
 A.   Moon applies force on earth to move away from it. B.   Moon tries to move in an orbit C.   Moon and earth exert forces on each other. D.   None of these
10 . What makes multi-stages in a rocket important?
 A.   Multistages uses multiple engines, so more thrust can be provided to the rocket. B.   Multistages help in various stages of launch C.   Multistage rockets consume less fuel for launching a satellite. D.   Multistage rockets reduce the weight of the satellite.